Founded in 963, Luxembourg became a grand duchy in 1815 and an independent state under the Netherlands. It lost more than half of its territory to Belgium in 1839, but gained a larger measure of autonomy. Full independence was attained in 1867. Overrun by Germany in both World Wars, it ended its neutrality in 1948 when it entered into the Benelux Customs Union and when it joined NATO the following year. In 1957, Luxembourg became one of the six founding countries of the European Economic Community (later the European Union) and in 1999 it joined the euro currency area.
With an area of only 2,600 sq.km., Luxembourg is the smallest of the Benelux nations, and smallest member of the European Community. The land is conservatively Catholic by tradition and culture; revolutionary changes in the Church elsewhere have passed it by, and few have clearly heard the gospel in their own Letzburgisch language, the heart language of the majority. Most are fluent in French and German, but a Bible in their language could be a key opening for the light of the gospel.
Factors resulting in Luxembourg being so resistant to the Gospel include:
1. it being off the beaten track historically. The terrain was inhospitable, and there were no main thoroughfares. This produced an insular mentality.
2. it becaming a counter-reformation stronghold as the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V, was also grand duke of Luxembourg, and his son and successor in both roles was Philip II.
3. a negative view of Protestants shaped by the kidnapping by Dutch protestants of the abbot of Echternach. A protestant was thus a marauder, pillager and kidnapper.
Protestants are a small minority, and many are foreigners. Jehovah's Witnesses have had more success among the nationals than Evangelicals. Several small Pentecostal churches exist among the Portuguese and Italians, but the vast majority of foreigners are in Luxembourg for employment, business or EU affairs, and show little interest in spiritual things. A quarter of the population of Luxembourg is Portuguese! Guest workers were invited into Luxembourg before Portugal joined the EU.
YWAM in LUXEMBOURG:
YWAM has as yet no active ministry in this land.
- for expatriate and indigenous pastors and leaders of churches, and for growth in their congregations. Foreigners are a major challenge for evangelization.
- for open doors and a man/woman of peace, for a committed team to be raised up to begin a work in this land.
- for both vision and strategy for reaching each group, and for receptive hearts.
There are no locations to list for this country.